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Towards Fertility Regulation Measures to Reduce Fertility Levels in Sudan

Show simple item record Onour Osham Omer 2018-01-09T07:18:27Z 2018-01-09T07:18:27Z 2017
dc.description.abstract The paper aims to suggest fertility regulation measures that are, reasonable, learned and consistent with Sudanese society, to affect negatively the current levels of the fertility. Sudan faces dilemma in balancing between population and economic growth. Sudan, has total fertility rate estimated at 5.2 , young population structure with high fertility potentiality and suffer from lack of programs and policies to change population variables. The paper adopts descriptive method, data collected from the censuses and surveys done in Sudan also literature review kept into consideration. Frequent comparisons ,analytical interpretation through time and deep investigations of cross sectional data ,has taken place. Bongaarts and Potter indices used to clarify impact of some approximate determinants on fertility, SPSS software applied for simple statistical analysis and graphical presentation. The paper come up with such findings: 38% of women age group(20-24) married before age 18, high adolescent birth rate(87),long postpartum amenorrhea duration(14.4 month), high percentage unmeet need for contraception (26.6%), graduate women has lower fertility-earlier married-higher contraceptive use rate, than women with no education, weak relation between employed women fertility and work because the compatibility between work pattern and childbearing in Sudan, high infant mortality(52), high urban rural fertility differential as result of urban norms, the poorest quintile characterized by lower contraception rate and earlier childbearing than the case in richest quintile, and such stereotypes associated with reproductive behavior like son preference. The paper recommend such fertility regulation measures: determine legal minimum age at marriage not less than 18, adopt UNCEF recommendation regarding breastfeeding behavior, develop efficient management approach to make contraceptives available- accessible and attainable to bridge unmeet need gab, encourage urban norms like individualism-nuclear family-child development process-healthy behavior, adopt women empowerment tactics and strategies through better education and higher women involvement in modern sector with fair payment and equal treatment for both sexes, realize millennium development goals regarding child mortality(reduce by two thirds under five mortality rate) and poverty(halve the population whose income less than one dollar) and fight against such misconception associate with reproductive behavior like sex preference at birth. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher جامعة البحر الاحمر en_US
dc.subject الاوراق العلمية en_US
dc.subject Sudan en_US
dc.title Towards Fertility Regulation Measures to Reduce Fertility Levels in Sudan en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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